Mystras

Mystras was a Byzantine city in the Peloponnese, close to Sparta. Today the city is in ruins, although some buildings have been restored, and is a valuable source of knowledge of history, art and culture of the last two centuries of Byzantium.

The story of “the dead city” of Mystras, begins from the mid-13th century, when completed the conquest of the Peloponnese by the Franks. In 1249 William II Villehardouin built his castle on the east side of Taygetus, on top of a hill with steep and conical form, called Mystras or Myzythras.

Mystras developed into a great castle and became the capital of the Despotate of Morea. It continued to be an important city in the following centuries and then it was abandoned.

Today Mystras is by far the most important Byzantine monument in Greece.

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